Essential amino acids - their chemical composition and function
The biologically available amino acids , which are almost 100 percent available, belong to the carboxylic acids , which in turn are organic acids . This class of substances is therefore fundamentally responsible for building a wide variety of proteins and tissue types in many living things (including humans). Proteins are therefore of a different length sequence of different amino acids that are linked together by a peptide. This blueprint of the proteins is therefore also referred to as the amino acid sequence . Many proteins consist of a total of over 20,000 or even 30,000 amino acid building blocks (for example the muscle protein titin ). Amino acids are therefore considered an essential nutritional supplement and are therefore available to the body as the most original and most usable protein source . In this context, amino acids can be added to the regular diet in liquid form , in capsule form and in tablet form or in powder form .
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Among the essential amino acids (i.e. those that the human organism actually needs and cannot produce themselves) there are a total of 8 : isoleucine , leucine , methionine , phenylalanine , lysine , threonine as well as tryptophan and valine . In addition to the essential amino acids, there are also so-called semi-essential amino acids such as arginine and histidine . Those are at least partially synthesized by the human organism, however, additional supplementation is also advisable here. Amino acids in the human organism are responsible for a wide variety of tasks: for building muscle and body tissue , for cell regeneration, for building hair and bones and for the production of hormones and enzymes .
Amino acids for weight loss, for athletes and as an anti-aging product
Amino acid preparations are not only interesting for athletes due to their versatile uses for the human organism, but also represent a helpful dietary supplement for weight loss or as a natural anti-aging supplement against wrinkles. In principle, the liquid form and the powder form are suitable here best, since these can be absorbed by the body the fastest and most effectively. In principle, amino acids should be consumed on an empty stomach . If the amino acid nutritional supplement is beneficial for strength and endurance sports , it is advisable to take it immediately before or immediately after training - amino acids protect against a catabolic metabolism during training, or provide after training rapid muscle protein synthesis.
The two amino acids isoleucine and valine are therefore particularly essential for these processes. If you want to add the amino acids to lose weight, we recommend taking them right before going to bed. By taking amino acids, growth hormones such as somatropin are released during sleep. In the case of overweight, a deficiency of this growth hormone is found in many places, which basically accelerates the body's metabolism, which burns more excess energy instead of storing it in fat deposits. But also as a natural anti-aging agent , amino acids in the form of dietary supplements are a good choice. Amino acids such as arginine , glutamine and methionine not only strengthen the connective tissue, they also form the basic structure for skin and hair and have an effect on the human organism therefore revitalizing.